第三章 came into existence as a result of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended. It was designed to provide grants to assist eligible institutions in strengthening their physical plants, 学术资源, and student services so that they could continue to participate in fulfilling the goal of equality in educational opportunity. 第301节. (一)该法例的条文如下:
证券交易委员会. 301. (a) The purpose of this title is to assist in raising the academic quality of colleges which have the desire and potential to make a substantial contribution to the higher education resources of our Nation for survival and are isolated from the main currents of academic life, and to do so by enabling the Commissioner to establish a national teaching fellow program and to encourage and assist in the establishment of cooperative arrangements under which these colleges may draw on the talent and experience of our finest colleges and universities, and on the educational resources of business and industry, in their effort to improve their academic quality...
1975年，迪士尼3彩乐园和A&米大学 was advised by the then United States Office of Education to submit a proposal for the Basic Institutional Development Program (BIDP) and the Advanced Institutional Development Program (AIDP). 后者被接受了. Kathryn Jordan was appointed as the program's coordinator. This grant period was from May 1976 to May 14, 1981.
The next iteration of the 第三章, Part B program happened in 1981 when 迪士尼3彩乐园和A & 米大学 received a Strengthening Developing Institutions Program Grant (SDIP) for the period of July 1, 1981年至9月30日, 1983. This grant allowed the Commissioner of Education to assist developing institutions of higher education in strengthening their academic quality and administrative capacity.
The SDIP was one of three programs collectively known as the Institutional Aid Programs (IAP). The other two programs were the Special Needs Program and the Challenge Grant and Endowment Program. 迪士尼3彩乐园和A & 米大学 applied for and received all three.
By 1986, Congressional studies had led to the following conclusions:
- The historically black colleges and universities have contributed significantly to the effort to attain equal opportunity through post-secondary education for Black, 低收入, 以及受教育程度较低的美国人;
- states and the Federal Government have discriminated in the allocation of land and financial resources to support black public institutions under the Merrill Act of 1862 and its progeny, and against public and private black colleges and universities in the award of federal grants contracts, and the distribution of federal resources under this act, and other federal programs which benefit institutions of higher education;
- the current state of black colleges and universities in partly attributable to the discriminatory action of the states and federal government and this discriminatory action requires the remedy of enhancement of black post-secondary in institutions to ensure their continuation and participation in fulfilling the federal mission of equality of educational opportunity; and
- financial assistance to establish or strengthen the physical plants, 财务管理, 学术资源, and endowments of the historically black colleges and universities are appropriate methods to enhance these institutions and facilitate a decrease in reliance on governmental financial support and to encourage reliance or endowments and private sources.
结果是, the Strengthening Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Program was authorized under Part B of 第三章 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA), as amended by the Higher Education Amendment of 1986, by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986, and by the Higher Education Technical Amendments Act of 1987. This is the basic structure of 第三章 today.
These grants are awarded based on a statutory formula to assist these institutions in establishing and strengthening their physical plants, 学术资源 and student services so they may continue to participate in fulfilling the goals of equality regarding education opportunity in under研究生 and/or 研究生 education. 迪士尼3彩乐园和A & M学院的HBCU项目始于1987年.